Congenital retinal macrovessels: description of three cases and review of the literature.

Klinische Monatsblatter fur Augenheilkunde

PubMedID: 18454401

Petropoulos IK, Petkou D, Theoulakis PE, Kordelou A, Pournaras CJ, Katsimpris JM. Congenital retinal macrovessels: description of three cases and review of the literature. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2008;225(5):469-72.
BACKGROUND
Congenital retinal macrovessels are large aberrant branches of retinal arteries or veins that cross the macula. We present three patients with a unilateral congenital retinal macrovessel and we conduct a review of the literature.

PATIENTS AND METHODS
A 22-year-old man complaining of chronic headache as well as two other men, 18 and 23 years old, respectively, during a routine ophthalmological examination, were found with a unilateral congenital retinal macrovessel each. A thorough ophthalmological examination was performed, including colour fundus photography in all three patients and fluorescein angiography in two of the patients. We followed them up for five years.

THERAPY AND OUTCOME
Investigation revealed a unilateral venous congenital retinal macrovessel in all patients. Clinical findings and visual acuity remained unchanged throughout the entire follow-up period. No complications were recorded.

CONCLUSIONS
Congenital retinal macrovessels are rare and they tend to remain stable. Visual acuity is preserved in most cases. Complications occur only occasionally and have been described in the literature. Differential diagnosis from other arteriovenous malformations affecting multiple organs is necessary.