A cDNA-AFLP approach to study ochratoxin A production in Aspergillus carbonarius.

International journal of food microbiology

PubMedID: 18718689

Botton A, Ferrigo D, Scopel C, Causin R, Bonghi C, Ramina A. A cDNA-AFLP approach to study ochratoxin A production in Aspergillus carbonarius. Int J Food Microbiol. 2008;127(1-2):105-15.
Aspergillus carbonarius is responsible for the majority of mycotoxin contaminations in grapes and its derivatives. Most of A. carbonarius strains are ochratoxin A (OTA) producers, even though at very different levels. This broad variability was used to identify genes whose expression is linked with the ability of producing OTA. A cDNA-AFLP differential display screening was performed in two strains of A. carbonarius, antagonists for the ability of producing OTA, allowing the identification of 119 differentially expressed sequences putatively involved in the regulation of OTA biosynthesis. A likely connection was pointed out between the biosynthesis of the toxin, vegetative growth and sexual/asexual developmental progression, along with common signalling pathways involving G protein and Ca2+/calmodulin dependent phosphorylation and dephoshorylation cascades.