[Elderly women with abdominal pain due to an incarcerated 'femoral hernia'].

Nederlands tijdschrift voor geneeskunde

PubMedID: 18998263

van de Langenberg R, Scheltinga MR, Streukens SA, Boelens O, Roumen RM. [Elderly women with abdominal pain due to an incarcerated 'femoral hernia']. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2008;152(29):1597-601.
Symptoms and findings during physical examination of patients with a femoral hernia are notoriously aspecific. Signs in the inguinal region tend to be overlooked, particularly in obese patients. Three women aged 72, 83 and 68, presented with abdominal pain and ileus due to incarcerated femoral hernias. A correct diagnosis was not considered prior to emergency laparotomy. One progressively septic patient with disseminated breast cancer refused reintervention after successful correction of the femoral hernia, and succumbed. The other two recovered uneventfully. Any older female patient with recurrent abdominal complaints may harbour a femoral hernia. The inguinal region should be examined, if possible in the upright position. Ultrasound, CT or MRI scans should establish the diagnosis. Open or laparoscopic intervention is required in patients fit for surgery since incarceration of a femoral hernia is associated with considerable morbidity and even mortality.