Effects of early luteal-phase vaginal progesterone supplementation on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.

Gynecological endocrinology : the official journal of the International Society of Gynecological Endocrinology

PubMedID: 19172535

Mui Lam P, Chun Cheung M, Ping Cheung L, Ingrid Lok H, John Haines C. Effects of early luteal-phase vaginal progesterone supplementation on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. Gynecol Endocrinol. 2008;24(12):674-80.
OBJECTIVE
To determine whether early luteal-phase vaginal progesterone supplementation improves the outcome of in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer (IVF-ET).

METHODS
A randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 197 women undergoing IVF-ET cycles with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as the standard luteal-phase support. The participants were randomly assigned to either the study group or the control group. The study group was given 200 mg micronized progesterone vaginally three times per day starting in the afternoon of oocyte retrieval until the morning of embryo transfer, in addition to the standard hCG luteal-phase support. The control group received only the hCG support. The pregnancy rates and the implantation rates were measured.

RESULTS
There were no significant differences in pregnancy rates or implantation rates between groups. However, subgroup analysis revealed significantly higher pregnancy and implantation rates in the study group among those women with fibroids or difficult oocyte retrieval involving uterine puncture (38.7% vs. 15.4% and 26.8% vs. 9.4% respectively, both p = 0.04).

CONCLUSION
Additional early luteal-phase vaginal progesterone supplementation may improve the outcome of IVF-ET in women with fibroids or difficult oocyte retrieval.