Reliable generation of stable high titer producer cell lines for gene therapy.

Intervirology

PubMedID: 17283445

Rattmann I, Kleff V, Feldmann A, Ludwig C, Sorg UR, Opalka B, Moritz T, Flasshove M. Reliable generation of stable high titer producer cell lines for gene therapy. Intervirology. 2007;50(3):197-203.
OBJECTIVE
Retroviral vectors represent one of the most robust technologies for in vivo expression of heterologous gene sequences and are still the most commonly used vectors in clinical gene therapy trials. The production of high titer retroviral preparations, however, can be a problematic procedure for certain constructs.

METHODS
GALV- or RD114-pseudotyped retroviral particles carrying selectable fluorescence markers or drug resistance genes, such as the green fluorescent protein (GFP) or the O(6)-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) mutants, were used to stably transduce Phoenix-(FNX-)eco cells. Thereafter, a polyclonal population of producer cells was generated by enriching cells with high marker gene expression. In addition, single producer clones were selected by limiting dilution.

RESULTS
Retroviral titers were increased 1-2 logs by enriching for a polyclonal population of producer cells, and selection of single producer clones allowed another 1- to 2-log increase in titers. Using this method, reproducibly high titer viral preparations allowing efficient transduction of hematopoietic stem cells were generated.

CONCLUSION
A reliable and time-effective method to generate stable high titer producer cells based on the FNX-cell line for problematic retroviral vector constructs is described.