Conjugation of arginine-glycine-aspartic acid peptides to poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) micelles for enhanced intracellular drug delivery to metastatic tumor cells.

Biomacromolecules

PubMedID: 17315946

Xiong XB, Mahmud A, Uludag H, Lavasanifar A. Conjugation of arginine-glycine-aspartic acid peptides to poly(ethylene oxide)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) micelles for enhanced intracellular drug delivery to metastatic tumor cells. Biomacromolecules. 2007;8(3):874-84.
An arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) containing model peptide was conjugated to the surface of poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEO-b-PCL) micelles as a ligand that can recognize adhesion molecules overexpressed on the surface of metastatic cancer cells, that is, integrins, and that can enhance the micellar delivery of encapsulated hydrophobic drug into a tumor cell. Toward this goal, PEO-b-PCL copolymers bearing acetal groups on the PEO end were synthesized, characterized, and assembled to polymeric micelles. The acetal group on the surface of the PEO-b-PCL micelles was converted to reactive aldehyde under acidic condition at room temperature. An RGD-containing linear peptide, GRGDS, was conjugated on the surface of the aldehyde-decorated PEO-b-PCL micelles by incubation at room temperature. A hydrophobic fluorescent probe, that is, DiI, was physically loaded in prepared polymeric micelles to imitate hydrophobic drugs loaded in micellar carrier. The cellular uptake of DiI loaded GRGDS-modified micelles by melanoma B16-F10 cells was investigated at 4 and 37 degrees C by fluorescent spectroscopy and confocal microscopy techniques and was compared to the uptake of DiI loaded valine-PEO-b-PCL micelles (as the irrelevant ligand decorated micelles) and free DiI. GRGDS conjugation to polymeric micelles significantly facilitated the cellular uptake of encapsulated hydrophobic DiI most probably by intergrin-mediated cell attachment and endocytosis. The results indicate that acetal-terminated PEO-b-PCL micelles are amenable for introducing targeting moieties on the surface of polymeric micelles and that RGD-peptide conjugated PEO-b-PCL micelles are promising ligand-targeted carriers for enhanced drug delivery to metastatic tumor cells.