Transform coefficient histogram-based image enhancement algorithms using contrast entropy.

IEEE transactions on image processing : a publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society

PubMedID: 17357734

Agaian SS, Silver B, Panetta KA. Transform coefficient histogram-based image enhancement algorithms using contrast entropy. IEEE Trans Image Process. 2007;16(3):741-58.
Many applications of histograms for the purposes of image processing are well known. However, applying this process to the transform domain by way of a transform coefficient histogram has not yet been fully explored. This paper proposes three methods of image enhancement: a) logarithmic transform histogram matching, b) logarithmic transform histogram shifting, and c) logarithmic transform histogram shaping using Gaussian distributions. They are based on the properties of the logarithmic transform domain histogram and histogram equalization. The presented algorithms use the fact that the relationship between stimulus and perception is logarithmic and afford a marriage between enhancement qualities and computational efficiency. A human visual system-based quantitative measurement of image contrast improvement is also defined. This helps choose the best parameters and transform for each enhancement. A number of experimental results are presented to illustrate the performance of the proposed algorithms.