Efficient mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells following CAD chemotherapy and a single dose of pegylated G-CSF in patients with multiple myeloma.

Bone marrow transplantation

PubMedID: 17450182

Fruehauf S, Klaus J, Huesing J, Veldwijk MR, Buss EC, Topaly J, Seeger T, Zeller LW, Moehler T, Ho AD, Goldschmidt H. Efficient mobilization of peripheral blood stem cells following CAD chemotherapy and a single dose of pegylated G-CSF in patients with multiple myeloma. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2007;39(12):743-50.
High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous blood stem cell transplantation is the standard treatment for myeloma patients. In this study, CAD (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, dexamethasone) chemotherapy and a single dose of pegfilgrastim (12 mg) was highly effective in mobilizing peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) for subsequent transplantation, with 88% of patients (n = 26) achieving the CD34+ cell harvest target of > or = 7.50 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg body weight, following a median of two apheresis procedures (range 1-4) and with first apheresis performed at a median day 13 after CAD application (range 10-20). Patients treated with pegfilgrastim showed a reduced time to first apheresis procedure from mobilization compared with filgrastim-mobilized historical matched controls (n = 52, P = 0.015). The pegfilgrastim mobilization regimen allowed for transplantation of a median of 3.58 x 10(6) CD34+ cells/kg body weight while leaving sufficient stored cells for a second high-dose regimen and back-ups in most patients. Engraftment following transplantation was comparable to filgrastim, with a median time of 14 days to leucocyte > or =1.0 x 10(9)/l (range 10-21) and 11 days to platelets > or = 20 x 10(9)/l (range 0-15). The results of this study thus provide further support for the clinical utility of pegfilgrastim for the mobilization of PBSC following chemotherapy in cancer patients scheduled for transplantation.