Effect of a single high-fat meal on endothelial function in patients with the metabolic syndrome: role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha.

Nutrition, metabolism, and cardiovascular diseases : NMCD

PubMedID: 17134952

Esposito K, Ciotola M, Sasso FC, Cozzolino D, Saccomanno F, Assaloni R, Ceriello A, Giugliano D. Effect of a single high-fat meal on endothelial function in patients with the metabolic syndrome: role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 2007;17(4):274-9.
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
A single high-fat meal may induce endothelial activation and dysfunction in both normal subjects and in patients with type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a high-fat meal on endothelial function in patients with the metabolic syndrome.

METHODS AND RESULTS
Twenty-five patients with the metabolic syndrome (ATP III criteria) were matched for sex, age and body mass index with 25 subjects without the metabolic syndrome. All subjects ate under supervision a high fat meal (760 calories) with 59% energy from fat, 12% energy from protein and 29% energy from carbohydrates. Compared with the control group, subjects with the metabolic syndrome had reduced endothelial function, as assessed with the l-arginine test, and higher circulating levels of TNF-alpha. Following the high-fat meal, both triglyceride and TNF-alpha levels increased more in subjects with the metabolic syndrome than in subjects without, while endothelial function decreased more in subjects with the metabolic syndrome. There was a significant relation between increases in TNF-alpha levels and decreases in endothelial function score in subjects with the metabolic syndrome (r=-0.39, P=0.03).

CONCLUSION
TNF-alpha levels are increased in subjects with the metabolic syndrome; moreover, a high-fat meal produces further increase in its levels associated with endothelial dysfunction.