Double-blind randomized controlled trial to determine extent of amnesia with midazolam given immediately before general anaesthesia.

British Journal of Anaesthesia

PubMedID: 15567810

Bulach R, Myles PS, Russnak M. Double-blind randomized controlled trial to determine extent of amnesia with midazolam given immediately before general anaesthesia. Br J Anaesth. 2005;94(3):300-5.
BACKGROUND
Anterograde, but not retrograde, amnesia has been demonstrated following midazolam administration. However, there have been no studies investigating whether or not immediate retrograde amnesia can be produced with midazolam.

METHODS
After ethics committee approval and consent, 40 adult patients undergoing surgery and general anaesthesia were randomly allocated to one of four groups: midazolam 2 mg, midazolam 5 mg, midazolam 10 mg or control (normal saline). Measurements were made from 12 min prior to induction of anaesthesia, and the study drug was administered 8 min prior to induction of anaesthesia. Midazolam effects were measured using visual recognition of posters, recall of specific events, bispectral index (BIS) and sedation visual analogue score.

RESULTS
Recognition and recall rates were similar between groups up until the time of study drug administration, with no evidence of retrograde amnesia (all P>0.3). There was a dose-dependent deterioration in visual recall (P=0.002), event recollection (P<0.001), BIS (P<0.001) and sedation score (P<0.001) following i.v. midazolam when compared with control.

CONCLUSIONS
We found no evidence that i.v. midazolam 2-10 mg produces immediate retrograde amnesia. Midazolam causes anterograde amnesia in a dose-responsive manner.