Vibrios in the Louisiana gulf coast environment.

Microbial ecology

PubMedID: 24226048

Roberts NC, Siebeling RJ, Kaper JB, Bradford HB. Vibrios in the Louisiana gulf coast environment. Microb Ecol. 1982;8(4):299-312.
A polyphasic approach, using bacteriological, immunological, and molecular biological techniques was used to elucidate the distribution of pathogenicVibrio species in the Louisiana coastal environment. A variety ofVibrio species pathogenic for man, includingV. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus, V. fluvialis, andV. vulnificus, were found to be ubiquitous in Louisiana.Vibrio species monitored were shown to fluctuate in response to environmental factors of temperature, salinity, and nutrient level, and to vary independently of fecal coliform counts. A comprehensive serological screening system, based on species specific H antigens, was developed to identify pathogenicVibrio sp. 1 step after primary isolation.Vibrio sp. were correctly identified with accuracies ranging from 93-100%, depending on the specific H antiserum. Over 2,500V. cholerae isolates were rapidly screened for production of cholera toxin by DNA hybridization of specific toxin gene probes to colonies inoculated on nitrocellulose filter paper. The toxin gene probes, together with O antigen analysis, revealed that enterotoxigenicV. cholerae 01 serovars were recovered only from sewage stations or human disease, whereas enterotoxigenicV. cholerae non 01 serovars were recovered from environmental samples in addition to clinical and sewage samples. The results of this study indicate that techniques of immunology and molecular biology are very valuable supplements to conventional bacteriological techniques in studying the epidemiology and ecology of pathogenicVibrio sp.