[Investigation on role of p38a mitogen-activated protein kinases in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line Eca109].

Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]

PubMedID: 24246085

Zheng ST, Liu T, Liu Q, Lu M, Gao XP, Sheyhidin I, Lin RY, Lu XM. [Investigation on role of p38a mitogen-activated protein kinases in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line Eca109]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2013;47(8):757-61.
OBJECTIVE
To investigate the role of p38amitogen-activated potein kinases (MAPK) in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line Eca109.

METHODS
Specific short hairpin (shRNA) vector as well as eukaryotic expression vector harbouring full length cDNA of human p38a MAPK were transfected into Eca109 cells. Cell proliferation after transfection was detected by MTT, cell cycle and apoptosis were assayed by flow cytometry. The variation of migration and invasion after tranfection was determined using wound healing assay and Transwell assay, respectively.

RESULTS
The proliferation of Eca109 cells after knock-down for 48 h (0.951 ± 0.086) was significantly increased (t = 3.20, P < 0.05) compared with control (0.811 ± 0.012), Sphase was increased but not significantly. Cell apoptosis rate after knock down for 48 h (17.400 ± 5.495) was significantly increased (t = 40.06, P < 0.01) compared with control(1.000 ± 0.721) . Migration after knock down for 72 h (0.034 ± 0.031) were enhanced pronouncedly (t = -5.79, P < 0.01) compared with control (0.278 ± 0.021) and invasive ability also increased; whereas the proliferation of Eca109 cells after over-expression for 48 h (0.472 ± 0.089) was inhibited significantly (t = -7.50, P < 0.01) compared with control(0.811 ± 0.012), cells arrested at G1 phase (t = 4.80, P < 0.01). Cell apoptosis rate (32.233 ± 1.457) were decreased significantly (t = 17.20, P < 0.01) compared with control (1.000 ± 0.721) mm, migration after overexpression for 72 h ((0.770 ± 0.054) mm) was suppressed pronouncedly compared with control groups of (0.278 ± 0.021) mm(t = 11.00, P < 0.01).Invasion after overexpression was inhibited.

CONCLUSIONS
p38a MAPK plays an anti-oncogenic role in the pathogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cell line Eca109.