Determination of KRN321 in rat serum by ELISA and correlation between ELISA and in vitro bioassay.

Journal of immunoassay & immunochemistry

PubMedID: 16827228

Yoshioka E, Kato K, Tanabe M, Misaizu T, Ogata H. Determination of KRN321 in rat serum by ELISA and correlation between ELISA and in vitro bioassay. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2006;27(3):265-77.
KRN321, darbepoetin alfa, is a hyperglycosylated analog of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO, epoetin alfa). We carried out the validation study by using a commercially available ELISA assay kit to establish the ELISA quantitation method for KRN321 in rat serum for the implementation of the pharmacokinetic studies with a lower limit of quantitation at 100 pg/mL and quantitation range from 100 to 4,000 pg/mL. We also established the in vitro bioassay method as an index of biological activity using UT-7/Epo, derived from a human leukemia cell line with a lower limit of quantitation, at 10 ng/mL. Furthermore, good correlation was observed between the two methods; it indicated that KRN321 concentration determined by the ELISA maintained biological activity.