Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase is up-regulated in oligodendrocytes in lysosomal storage diseases and binds gangliosides.

Journal of neurochemistry

PubMedID: 16515539

Mohri I, Taniike M, Okazaki I, Kagitani-Shimono K, Aritake K, Kanekiyo T, Yagi T, Takikita S, Kim HS, Urade Y, Suzuki K. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase is up-regulated in oligodendrocytes in lysosomal storage diseases and binds gangliosides. J Neurochem. 2006;97(3):641-51.
Lipocalin-type prostaglandin (PG) D synthase (L-PGDS) is a dually functional protein, acting both as a PGD2-synthesizing enzyme and as an extracellular transporter of various lipophilic small molecules. L-PGDS is expressed in oligodendrocytes (OLs) in the central nervous system and is up-regulated in OLs of the twitcher mouse, a model of globoid cell leukodystrophy (Krabbe's disease). We investigated whether up-regulation of L-PGDS is either unique to Krabbe's disease or is a more generalized phenomenon in lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs), using LSD mouse models of Tay-Sachs disease, Sandhoff disease, GM1 gangliosidosis and Niemann-Pick type C1 disease. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed that L-PGDS mRNA was up-regulated in the brains of all these mouse models. In addition, strong L-PGDS immunoreactivity was observed in OLs, but not in either astrocytes or microglia in these models. Thus, up-regulation of L-PGDS appears to be a common response of OLs in LSDs. Moreover, surface plasmon resonance analyses revealed that L-PGDS binds GM1 and GM2 gangliosides, accumulated in neurons in the course of LSD, with high affinities (KD = 65 and 210 nm, respectively). This suggests that L-PGDS may play a role in scavenging harmful lipophilic substrates in LSD.