(31)P NMR study of Na(2)CuP(2)O(7): an S = 1/2 two dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic system.

Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal

PubMedID: 21690781

Nath R, Mahajan AV, Büttgen N, Kegler C, Hemberger J, Loidl A. (31)P NMR study of Na(2)CuP(2)O(7): an S = 1/2 two dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnetic system. J Phys Condens Matter. 2006;18(17):4285-94.
The magnetic properties of Na(2)CuP(2)O(7) were investigated by means of (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), magnetic susceptibility, and heat capacity measurements. We report the (31)P NMR shift, the spin-lattice [Formula: see text], and spin-spin (1/T(2)) relaxation rate data as a function of temperature T. The temperature dependence of the NMR shift K(T) is well described by the S = 1/2 square lattice Heisenberg antiferromagnetic model with an intraplanar exchange of [Formula: see text] K and a hyperfine coupling A = 3533 ± 185 Oe /µ(B). The (31)P NMR spectrum was found to broaden abruptly below T~10 K, signifying some kind of transition. However, no anomaly was noticed in the bulk susceptibility data down to 1.8 K. The heat capacity appears to have a weak maximum around 10 K. With decrease in temperature, the spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T(1) decreases monotonically and appears to agree well with the high temperature series expansion expression for a S = 1/2 2D square lattice.