Oxygen activation by a mixed-valent, diiron(II/III) cluster in the glycol cleavage reaction catalyzed by myo-inositol oxygenase.


PubMedID: 16634621

Xing G, Barr EW, Diao Y, Hoffart LM, Prabhu KS, Arner RJ, Reddy CC, Krebs C, Bollinger JM. Oxygen activation by a mixed-valent, diiron(II/III) cluster in the glycol cleavage reaction catalyzed by myo-inositol oxygenase. Biochemistry. 2006;45(17):5402-12.
myo-Inositol oxygenase (MIOX) catalyzes the ring-cleaving, four-electron oxidation of its cyclohexan-(1,2,3,4,5,6-hexa)-ol substrate (myo-inositol, MI) to d-glucuronate (DG). The preceding paper [Xing, G., Hoffart, L. M., Diao, Y., Prabhu, K. S., Arner, R. J., Reddy, C. C., Krebs, C., and Bollinger, J. M., Jr. (2006) Biochemistry 45, 5393-5401] demonstrates by Mössbauer and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopies that MIOX can contain a non-heme dinuclear iron cluster, which, in its mixed-valent (II/III) and fully oxidized (III/III) states, is perturbed by binding of MI in a manner consistent with direct coordination. In the study presented here, the redox form of the enzyme that activates O(2) has been identified. l-Cysteine, which was previously reported to accelerate turnover, reduces the fully oxidized enzyme to the mixed-valent form, and O(2), the cosubstrate, oxidizes the fully reduced form to the mixed-valent form with a stoichiometry of one per O(2). Both observations implicate the mixed-valent, diiron(II/III) form of the enzyme as the active state. Stopped-flow absorption and freeze-quench EPR data from the reaction of the substrate complex of mixed-valent MIOX [MIOX(II/III).MI] with limiting O(2) in the presence of excess, saturating MI reveal the following cycle: (1) MIOX(II/III).MI reacts rapidly with O(2) to generate an intermediate (H) with a rhombic, g < 2 EPR spectrum; (2) a form of the enzyme with the same absorption features as MIOX(II/III) develops as H decays, suggesting that turnover has occurred; and (3) the starting MIOX(II/III).MI complex is then quantitatively regenerated. This cycle is fast enough to account for the catalytic rate. The DG/O(2) stoichiometry in the reaction, 0.8 +/- 0.1, is similar to the theoretical value of 1, whereas significantly less product is formed in the corresponding reaction of the fully reduced enzyme with limiting O(2). The DG/O(2) yield in the latter reaction decreases as the enzyme concentration is increased, consistent with the hypothesis that initial conversion of the reduced enzyme to the MIOX(II/III).MI complex and subsequent turnover by the mixed-valent form is responsible for the product in this case. The use of the mixed-valent, diiron(II/III) cluster by MIOX represents a significant departure from the mechanisms of other known diiron oxygenases, which all involve activation of O(2) from the II/II manifold.