Inhibition of liver metastasis by all-trans retinoic acid incorporated into O/W emulsions in mice.

International journal of pharmaceutics

PubMedID: 16790329

Chansri N, Kawakami S, Yamashita F, Hashida M. Inhibition of liver metastasis by all-trans retinoic acid incorporated into O/W emulsions in mice. Int J Pharm. 2006;321(1-2):42-9.
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) was incorporated into lipid emulsions in an attempt to alter its distribution characteristics and improve its inhibition of liver cancer metastasis. Lipid emulsions composed of egg phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and soybean oil were the optimized carriers for ATRA delivery, as shown by the submicron particle size and high incorporation efficiency. The particle size and zeta potential of ATRA incorporated into emulsions were about 133 nm and -11 mV, respectively. In vitro drug release study demonstrated that the release of ATRA from emulsions was sustained in the absence and present of bovine serum albumin, suggesting that ATRA was stable when incorporated in emulsions. After intravenous administration in mice, [3H]cholesteryl hexadecyl ether incorporated into emulsion, which is the inherent distribution of emulsions, accumulated gradually mainly in the liver. The blood concentration and hepatic accumulation of [3H]ATRA incorporated into emulsion was significantly higher than that of serum dissolving [3H]ATRA, which represent the original distribution characteristic of free ATRA. In a murine liver metastasis model by colon adenocarcinoma, the liver metastasis number and liver weight were significantly reduced and the survival time of mice was prolonged following intravenous injection of ATRA incorporated into emulsions.