[NO-synthase dependent increase in citrulline extracellular level in the nucleus accumbens during acquisition and expression of conditioned emotional response].

Rossiiskii fiziologicheskii zhurnal imeni I.M. Sechenova / Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk

PubMedID: 16967867

Saul'skaia NB, Savel'ev SA, Solov'eva NA, Fofonova NV. [NO-synthase dependent increase in citrulline extracellular level in the nucleus accumbens during acquisition and expression of conditioned emotional response]. Ross Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova. 2006;92(6):700-8.
In Sprague-Dawley rats, by means of in vivo microdialysis combined with HPLC analysis, it was shown that acquisition and expression of conditioned emotional response resulted in increase in extracellular level of citrulline: a nitric oxide co-product, in the nucleus accumbens. The rise extracellular citrulline caused by the acquisition of the response was significantly reduced by intraaccumbens infusion of 7-nitroindasole (0.5 mM), a selective inhibitor of neuronal NO-synthase, and completely prevented by intraaccumbens infusion of N-nitroarginine (0.5 mM): a nonselective NO-synthase inhibitor. The increase in citrulline extracellular level cased by expression of the conditioned emotional response is completely prevented by infusion of both NO-synthase inhibitors. The data obtained suggest that the acquisition and the expression of the conditioned emotional response increase the production of nitric oxide in the n. accumbens, predominantly due to activation of the neuronal NO-synthase.