Surnames as markers of pathologies--two statistical techniques and their applications.

Collegium antropologicum

PubMedID: 16848155

Rocchi MB. Surnames as markers of pathologies--two statistical techniques and their applications. Coll Antropol. 2006;30(2):383-5.
The objective of this research is to propose and to validate two different statistical techniques to test the hypothesis of an association between surnames and pathologies, in a population participating in a screening procedure for a given pathology. We propose two statistical methods: a first technique is based on the rarefaction method, and second one is based on the principle of resampling, and it can be considered a special case of a randomisation test. Both the techniques are applied to a data set of babies screened for congenital hypothyroidism (CH), and they gave similar results. The large overlapping of the results seems to suggest a substantial validity of the proposed techniques.