Light chain editing generates polyreactive antibodies in chronic graft-versus-host reaction.

The Journal of experimental medicine

PubMedID: 16801398

Witsch EJ, Cao H, Fukuyama H, Weigert M. Light chain editing generates polyreactive antibodies in chronic graft-versus-host reaction. J Exp Med. 2006;203(7):1761-72.
The chronic graft-versus-host (cGvH) reaction is a model of induced lupus caused by alloreactive CD4(+) T cells from a Bm-12 mouse in a C57BL/6 recipient. We used this cGvH reaction in C57BL/6 anti-DNA H chain transgenic mice, 56R/B6, to understand the structure, specificity, and origin of the induced autoantibodies (auto-Abs). We found anti-DNA Abs that reacted to several different antigens, such as phosphatidylserine, myelin basic protein, thyroglobulin, histone, insulin, cytochrome C, and beta-galactosidase. This polyreactivity was found for Abs from B cells that expressed the 56R H chain transgene with "editor" L chains that did not completely veto autoreactivity. We suggest that such incomplete editing results in polyreactivity and that incompletely edited polyreactive B cells influence the subsequent expression of pathogenic auto-Abs in disease. We also found B cells that coexpress kappa and lambda L chain. These B cells contributed to the autoimmune response and are possibly in the marginal zone of the spleen.