Dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a comparative ultrastructural study.

Ultrastructural pathology

PubMedID: 16971353

Dominguez-Malagon H, Valdez-Carrillo Mdel C, Cano-Valdez AM. Dermatofibroma and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans: a comparative ultrastructural study. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2006;30(4):283-91.
Dermatofibroma (DF) and dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) are dermal tumors whose histogenesis has not been well defined to date. The differential diagnosis in most cases is established in routine H/E sections and may be confirmed by immunohistochemistry, but there are atypical variants of DF with less clear histological differences and non-conclusive immunohistochemical results. In those cases, electron microscopy studies may be useful in establishing the diagnosis. The authors describe in detail the ultrastructural characteristics of 38 cases of DFSP and 10 cases of DF. The objective was to establish the ultrastructural features for differential diagnosis, and to identify the possible histogenesis of both neoplasms. DFSP is formed by stellate or spindled cells with long, slender, ramified cell processes joined by primitive junctions. Subplasmalemmal densities were frequently seen in the processes. Another common finding was the presence of multivesicular buds (MVB), peculiar structures that contain microvesicles abutting from the cell membrane. In contrast, DF is characterized by a proliferation of multiple capillary vessels with prominent endothelium and a perivascular population of ovoid or spindled cells devoid of cell processes. These latter cells featured intracytoplasmic lipid material (p < .001), infrequent subplasmalemmal densities (p < .001), and absence of MVB (p < .001). With the ultrastructural characteristics and the constant expression of CD34 in DFSP, a probable origin in dermal dendrocytes is postulated for this tumor. The histogenesis of DF is less clear, but an origin from FXIIIa modified perivascular dermal dendrocytes is proposed.