Lipophilic prodrugs of Hsp90 inhibitor geldanamycin for nanoencapsulation in poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) micelles.

Journal of controlled release : official journal of the Controlled Release Society

PubMedID: 16926059

Forrest ML, Zhao A, Won CY, Malick AW, Kwon GS. Lipophilic prodrugs of Hsp90 inhibitor geldanamycin for nanoencapsulation in poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) micelles. J Control Release. 2006;116(2):139-49.
A solvent and Cremephor free formulation of the anticancer chemotherapeutic geldanamycin was prepared using amphiphilic block co-polymer micelles of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PEG-b-PCL). Although geldanamycin was not solubilized by PEG-b-PCL micelles, fatty acid prodrugs of geldanamycin were encapsulated in PEG-b-PCL micelles by a co-solvent extraction technique. Resulting PEG-b-PCL micelles were <120 nm in diameter and solubilized >20% w/w geldanamycin prodrugs increasing aqueous solubility to >2 mg/mL. PEG-b-PCL micelles released the geldanamycin prodrugs over several days, t(1/2) 2.2 to 9.6 days. The free prodrugs hydrolyzed rapidly, t(1/2)<6 h, into the geldanamycin analogue 17-beta-hydroxyethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin, which has high activity against MCF-7 breast cancer cells, IC(50) 240 nM.