2D and 3D 3-tesla magnetic resonance imaging of the double bundle structure in anterior cruciate ligament anatomy.

Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA

PubMedID: 16937152

Steckel H, Vadala G, Davis D, Fu FH. 2D and 3D 3-tesla magnetic resonance imaging of the double bundle structure in anterior cruciate ligament anatomy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2006;14(11):1151-8.
For anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) surgery using the anatomic approach of the double bundle concept it is helpful to describe the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundle using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), since this is the most important preoperative parameter next to the physical examination. The aim of this study was to distinguish both bundles in MRI. In a prospective study we evaluated the double bundle structure in ACL anatomy with a 3-T ultra-high-field strength MR imaging of cadaver knees, which allows faster imaging times, increased resolution and increased signal-to-noise ratio. Using oblique sagittal and oblique coronal planes, we were able to distinguish the double bundle structure in each knee. The following arthroscopic evaluation of the knees confirmed our MRI findings. Our study demonstrates the possibility of distinguishing the two bundles in the native ACL with 3T MRI. Following examinations must study the value for clinical application by describing different rupture patterns of the bundles and correlating this to arthroscopy. It would be advantageous to know the rupture pattern in advance. Presurgical planning could be improved by reconstructing only the torn and preserving the intact bundle.