Chlorodifluoromethyl-substituted monosaccharide derivatives--radical activation of the carbon-chlorine-bond.

Carbohydrate research

PubMedID: 16989789

Wegert A, Hein M, Reinke H, Hoffmann N, Miethchen R. Chlorodifluoromethyl-substituted monosaccharide derivatives--radical activation of the carbon-chlorine-bond. Carbohydr Res. 2006;341(16):2641-52.
The dithionite-mediated addition of BrCF(2)Cl to 3,4-di-O-pivaloyl-D-xylal (1) generated preferably 1-CF(2)Cl-substituted products, that is, (2-bromo-2-deoxy-3,4-di-O-pivaloyl-beta-D-xylopyranosyl)-chlorodifluoromethane and (2-deoxy-3,4-di-O-pivaloyl-beta-D-threo-pentopyranosyl)-chlorodifluoromethane. Selected chlorodifluoromethyl-substituted monosaccharide derivatives were hydrodechlorinated or alkylated at the CF(2)Cl-group using tin reagents under radical reaction conditions. Thus, hydrodechlorinations of (2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-6-deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl)-chlorodifluoromethane and of methyl 3,4-di-O-acetyl-2-C-chlorodifluoromethyl-2,6-dideoxy-alpha/beta-L-glucopyranoside are reported using tri-n-butyltin hydride initiated by AIBN. UV-initiated allylations are reported for reactions of (2-deoxy-3,4-di-O-pivaloyl-beta-D-threo-pentopyranosyl)-chlorodifluoromethane, (2,3,4-tri-O-acetyl-6-deoxy-alpha-L-galactopyranosyl)-chlorodifluoromethane, 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-C-chlorodifluoromethyl-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucopyranose, 1,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-2-C-chlorodifluoromethyl-2-deoxy-alpha-D-mannopyranose and methyl 3,4-di-O-acetyl-2-C-chlorodifluoromethyl-2-deoxy-alpha/beta-D-rabinopyranoside with allyltri-n-butyltin.