Alginate/carbon composite beads for laccase and glucose oxidase encapsulation: application in biofuel cell technology.

Biotechnology letters

PubMedID: 16988786

Khani Z, Jolivalt C, Cretin M, Tingry S, Innocent C. Alginate/carbon composite beads for laccase and glucose oxidase encapsulation: application in biofuel cell technology. Biotechnol Lett. 2006;28(22):1779-86.
Alginate-carbon beads were prepared in order to develop a biocompatible matrix for laccase and glucose oxidase immobilization for application in biofuel cell technology. The enzyme loading capacity was high (91%) in pure alginate beads for glucose oxidase. For laccase, the loading capacity was enhanced from 75% to 83% by introducing carbon. Desorption out of the matrix was controlled by the enzymes' diffusion and reached a plateau after 40 h for laccase and 70 h for glucose oxidase. Two-thirds of both enzymes was irreversibly retained inside the alginate beads. This proportion increased to 80% for laccase in combined alginate/carbon beads. Half-life of the adsorbed enzyme was enhanced to 74 days for laccase in carbon/alginate beads and 45 days for glucose oxidase in pure alginate as compared to 38 days and 23 days for free enzymes, respectively.