Rupture of the subscapularis tendon (isolated or in combination with supraspinatus tear): when is a repair indicated?

Journal of shoulder and elbow surgery / American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons ... [et al.]

PubMedID: 17055750

Flury MP, John M, Goldhahn J, Schwyzer HK, Simmen BR. Rupture of the subscapularis tendon (isolated or in combination with supraspinatus tear): when is a repair indicated?. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2006;15(6):659-64.
Ruptures of the subscapularis tendon, isolated or combined, are rare, and the treatment modalities are controversial. Of 1345 patients who underwent rotator cuff repair in a 7-year period, 73 had either an isolated rupture of the subscapularis or a subscapularis rupture combined with rupture of the supraspinatus. All reconstructions were performed through a deltopectoral approach. Reinsertion of the subscapularis was combined with reconstruction of the supraspinatus in 32 patients. Of the patients, 63 (86%) were re-examined at a mean follow-up of 35 months. The modified Constant score improved from 62% preoperatively to 91% at follow-up. Isolated or combined reconstructions did not result in significant differences with respect to the Constant score. Of the patients, 62 (98%) were satisfied with the operation. Rerupture was found by ultrasound in 8 subscapularis tendons (13%) and 4 supraspinatus tendons (13%). The rerupture rate showed a significant correlation with the Goutallier stage of fatty degeneration and the interval between injury and operation.