Dietary ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol mitigates oxidative stress induced by copper in the thornfish Terapon jarbua.

The Science of the total environment

PubMedID: 17078999

Vijayavel K, Gopalakrishnan S, Thilagam H, Balasubramanian MP. Dietary ascorbic acid and alpha-tocopherol mitigates oxidative stress induced by copper in the thornfish Terapon jarbua. Sci Total Environ. 2006;372(1):157-63.
The protective effects of vitamins C and E against oxidative stress were evaluated in various tissues of thornfish Terapon jarbua exposed to copper. Preliminary bioassay tests performed with copper and T. jarbua revealed that 4.0, 2.5 and 1.0 mg L(-1) of copper were lethal (LC(100)), medial lethal (LC(50)) and sublethal (LC(0)) respectively. Oxidative stress parameters viz. lipid peroxidation, superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, and glutathione were evaluated in control and experimental fishes. Lipid peroxidation activity increased in tissues of copper exposed fishes, while the antioxidant system exhibited a reduction in their activity. On the contrary copper stressed fishes fed with vitamins C and E enriched pellet feed showed significant reduction in lipid peroxidation activity and the antioxidant levels increased reaching near normal levels comparable to control values. Bioaccumulation of copper was studied in addition to oxidative stress. Substantial copper residue was detected in the tissues of T. jarbua exposed to copper and the level of copper in tissues reduced when the fishes were treated with vitamins ensuring copper depuration and thereby protecting them against stress. We concluded that vitamin supplementation offered significant reduction of the oxidative stress mediated by copper and we discuss the possible application of vitamins in costal aquaculture process.