Optical quality analysis after surface excimer laser ablation: the relationship between wavefront aberration and subepithelial haze.

Journal of refractive surgery (Thorofare, N.J. : 1995)

PubMedID: 17444089

Wang Y, He J, Kanxing Z, Jin Y, Zuo T, Wang W. Optical quality analysis after surface excimer laser ablation: the relationship between wavefront aberration and subepithelial haze. J Refract Surg. 2006;22(9 Suppl):S1031-6.
PURPOSE
To investigate the relationship between mild and moderate corneal haze and the distribution of higher order wavefront aberrations after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK).

METHODS
Thirty-six eyes from 18 patients who underwent PRK were divided into two groups: 10 eyes with corneal haze and 26 eyes without corneal haze (control). All eyes were evaluated up to 6 months after PRK. Wavefront aberrations were measured using a psychophysical wavefront sensor and the NIDEK OPD-Scan. Topography, point spread function, and modulation transfer function maps were obtained from the OPD-Scan.

RESULTS
The mean total higher order aberration was slightly higher in the corneal haze group than in the control group. This difference was not statistically significant. The mean third order coma aberrations were higher and mean fourth order spherical aberrations were lower in the haze group compared with the control group, although neither difference attained statistical significance. The t test values were 1.05, -0.38, -1.10, -0.08, and -0.23, when comparing the mean third, fourth, fifth, sixth, and seventh order aberrations, respectively. None of these differences attained statistical significance. In terms of Zernike coefficients, Z-1 and Z1 showed greater mean root-mean-square (RMS) in the haze group (0.33 and 0.35 microm, respectively) than those for the control group (0.26 and 0.23 microm, respectively) (t=0.71 and P=.49; t=0.84 and P=.43, respectively). However, ZO had lower RMS in the haze group (0.18 microm) than in the control group (0.28 microm). This difference also was not statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS
In this study comparing the optical aberrations of eyes with and without corneal haze after PRK, corneal haze did not affect the magnitude and distribution of higher order aberrations in a predictable manner.