Utilizing a database to interpret leaching characteristics of lead from bottom ashes of municipal solid waste incinerators.

Waste management (New York, N.Y.)

PubMedID: 16009303

Jeong SM, Osako M, Kim YJ. Utilizing a database to interpret leaching characteristics of lead from bottom ashes of municipal solid waste incinerators. Waste Manag. 2005;25(7):694-701.
This study focuses on evaluation and quantification of factors affecting leachability of lead from bottom ashes of municipal solid waste incinerators (MSWI) by utilizing a database. The database, which was constructed with data collected from sources such as research papers, questionnaires and reports, consists of 1149 data sets on 508 MSWI plants. Factors chosen as affecting lead leachability included: pH in the leachate, loss on ignition of bottom ash, total content of lead, and content of main elements such as Fe, Mn, Si and Al. The lead leachability was reduced to a minimum at neutral pH, increased with increasing pH and, especially, showed an abrupt increase at pH levels above 12. The main factor controlling the pH of the leachate appeared to be leachable Ca(2+) originating from portlandite (Ca(OH)(2)). Leaching concentration increased with increasing total contents of lead, and the relationship between leaching of lead and loss on ignition showed no distinct tendencies. The lead leaching ratio increased with decreasing total contents of Si, Mn and Fe. It is evident, therefore, that these numerous factors determine the leachability of lead in a simultaneous and complex manner.