F2-isoprostanes as biomarkers of lipid peroxidation in patients with chronic renal failure.

BioFactors (Oxford, England)

PubMedID: 16403981

Wiswedel I, Hirsch D, Carluccio F, Hampl H, Siems W. F2-isoprostanes as biomarkers of lipid peroxidation in patients with chronic renal failure. Biofactors. 2006;24(1-4):201-8.
Chronic renal failure patients on long-term hemolysis are found to be under increased oxidative stress, caused by antioxidant deficiency, neutrophil activation during hemodialysis (HD), platelet activation and/or chronic inflammation. Increased levels of oxidants (e.g. malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxynonenal, hydrocarbons, lipohydroperoxides, oxycholesterols, carbonyls) in HD patients are thought to play an important role in the development of endothelial dysfunction, atherogenesis and cardiovascular disease, which is a frequent condition in end-stage renal disease. F2-isoprostanes have been established as chemically stable, highly specific and reliable biomarkers of in vivo oxidative stress which can very sensitively measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Morrow et al. [17]). An up to 6-fold increase of plasma F2-isoprostanes in HD patients is accompanied by an enhanced formation of indicators of inflammation (e.g. C-reactive protein) and decreases of endogenous antioxidants (e.g. ascorbate, alpha-tocopherol). In their esterified form F2-isoprostanes may be a useful criteria to evaluate the effectiveness of clinical interventions to diminish oxidant stress and associated inflammation. Furthermore, F2-isoprostanes possess potent biological activities (e.g. 8-iso-PGF2alpha is known as a renal vasoconstrictor) suggesting that they may also act as mediators of the cellular effects of oxidative stress and inflammation.