Polymorphisms at codons 141 and 154 in the ovine prion protein gene are associated with scrapie Nor98 cases.

The Journal of general virology

PubMedID: 15604451

Moum T, Olsaker I, Hopp P, Moldal T, Valheim M, Moum T, Benestad SL. Polymorphisms at codons 141 and 154 in the ovine prion protein gene are associated with scrapie Nor98 cases. J Gen Virol. 2005;86(Pt 1):231-5.
Until June 2004, thirty-eight scrapie cases with unusual features, designated Nor98, have been diagnosed in Norway. This study investigated the distribution of PrP genotypes among Nor98 cases, their flock-mates and a random sample of Norwegian slaughtered sheep. The PrP genotype distribution of Nor98 cases differed markedly from that of previous cases of classical scrapie. A leucine/phenylalanine polymorphism at codon 141 with hitherto unknown significance to scrapie was strongly associated with Nor98 cases. Twenty of 38 (52.6 %) cases were either homozygous or heterozygous for phenylalanine at codon 141. In contrast, this allele was present in only 10.5 % of the flock-mates and 4.5 % of the random sample of slaughtered sheep. Moreover, the H(154) allele was represented in 24 of 38 (63.2 %) of Nor98 cases, as opposed to 27.0 % of Nor98 flock-mates and 17.0 % of the slaughtered sheep.