[In vitro regeneration and callogenesis in tissue culture of floral organs of the genus Iris (Iridaceae)].

Izvestiia Akademii nauk. Seriia biologicheskaia / Rossiiskaia akademiia nauk

PubMedID: 16004278

Boltenkov EV, Zarembo EV. [In vitro regeneration and callogenesis in tissue culture of floral organs of the genus Iris (Iridaceae)]. Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol. 2005;(2):174-9.
We tested the differentiation and morphogenetic capacity of floral organs of Iris ensata, I. setosa, and I. sanguinea cultured in vitro. Organogenesis through direct formation of shoots from explants, callogenesis, and floral organogenesis were demonstrated in I. ensata callus culture in vitro. These processes depended on the plant species and on the content of phytohormones in the medium. Adventitious shoots proved to develop on the basal part of the perianth tube and on the apical part of the ovary, while roots were not formed. Direct organogenesis was induced by the following phytohormones: alpha-naphthylacetic acid and 6-benzylaminopurine for I. ensata and 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid and 6-benzylaminopurine for I. setosa and I. sanguinea; while callogenesis was induced by 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The obtained data indicate that development of adventitious structures from iris floral organs requires the presence of 6-benzylaminopurine in the growth medium.