Coupling biomolecules to fullerenes through a molecular adapter.

Bioconjugate chemistry

PubMedID: 15769075

Capaccio M, Gavalas VG, Meier MS, Anthony JE, Bachas LG. Coupling biomolecules to fullerenes through a molecular adapter. Bioconjug Chem. 2005;16(2):241-4.
A novel biotinylated fullerene has been synthesized to facilitate the attachment of biotin-conjugated proteins to C(60) through the use of streptavidin as a molecular adapter. The strong biotin-streptavidin interaction enables the attachment of fullerenes to streptavidin and, because of the availability of four biotin-binding sites on streptavidin, to biotinylated biomolecules. The feasibility of this approach is demonstrated by using biotinylated alkaline phosphatase. Due to the insolubility of fullerenes in aqueous media, the immobilized enzyme can be eventually recovered by simple centrifugation with no significant loss in activity.