A luminescent receptor with affinity for N-terminal histidine in peptides in aqueous solution.

Journal of the American Chemical Society

PubMedID: 15755153

Kruppa M, Mandl C, Miltschitzky S, König B. A luminescent receptor with affinity for N-terminal histidine in peptides in aqueous solution. J Am Chem Soc. 2005;127(10):3362-5.
Crown ethers of suitable size are the perfect artificial host compounds for ammonium ion binding, but the rather low affinity in aqueous solution prevents their use at physiological conditions. We report here the synthesis and properties of a luminescent benzo crown ether with a pendant copper imidodiacetic acid complex, which coordinates with high affinity to histidine. The emission intensity of the benzo crown ether increases significantly in the presence of ammonium ions in methanol. At physiological conditions in buffered water at pH 7.5 these interactions are too weak to be detected. If an ammonium ion and an imidazole moiety are present in the analyte, such as in His-Lys-OMe or His-OMe, high binding affinity in aqueous solution is restored. The binding event is signaled by an increase in emission intensity, which can even be observed with the naked eye. This allows the selective detection of small peptides containing N-terminal histidine or histidine among all other amino acids at physiological conditions.