Cord blood analysis for prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia major and hemophilia A.

Indian pediatrics

PubMedID: 15995273

Panigrahi I, Ahmed RP, Kannan M, Kabra M, Deka D, Saxena R. Cord blood analysis for prenatal diagnosis of thalassemia major and hemophilia A. Indian Pediatr. 2005;42(6):577-81.
Beta thalassemia and Hemophilia A are common genetic disorders for which prenatal diagnosis (PND) is an accepted option. Our aim was to evaluate cord blood analysis as a method for PND of these disorders. Cord blood samples at 18-26 weeks gestation from nine mothers with previous thalassemia major child and five families with previous hemophilia A were studied. In the former; HbF, HbA2 and HbF were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and in latter; Factor VIII and IX assays were done by one stage method. In HPLC studies for thalassemia, three out of nine fetuses were affected, five were carriers and one was normal. In hemophilia PND samples, 2 out of five fetuses were affected. Thus, HPLC and factor VIII assay in cord blood are feasible alternatives for PND in Beta thalassemia and hemophilia A respectively, especially when DNA analysis is uninformative or there are financial constraints.