Lack of an association between interleukin-12 receptor beta1 polymorphisms and tuberculosis in Koreans.

Respiration; international review of thoracic diseases

PubMedID: 16088278

Lee HW, Lee HS, Kim DK, Ko DS, Han SK, Shim YS, Yim JJ. Lack of an association between interleukin-12 receptor beta1 polymorphisms and tuberculosis in Koreans. Respiration. 2005;72(4):365-8.
BACKGROUND
The fact that only 10% of people infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis develop clinical tuberculosis (TB) suggests the presence of genetic factors in the pathogenesis of TB. To date, a number of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in several candidate genes have been proposed as genetic risk factors of TB; however, reports are conflicting.

OBJECTIVES
We investigated whether SNPs in the interleukin (IL)-12 receptor beta1 gene are associated with TB in Koreans.

METHODS
One hundred and fifteen patients with bacteriologically or pathologically confirmed TB and 151 healthy anonymous blood donors were enrolled. The genotypes of 5 SNPs on IL-12 receptor beta1 gene, +705A/G (Q214R), +1158T/C (M365T), +1196G/C (G378R), +1637G/A (A525T) and +1664 C/T (P534S), were determined by PCR-RFLP.

RESULTS
No difference was observed between TB patients and controls in terms of the genotype frequencies of the 5 SNPs of the IL-12 receptor beta1 gene or of their haplotypes.

CONCLUSIONS
In view of the finding that these SNPs have been reported to be associated with TB in the Japanese and Moroccan populations, our results may reflect racial differences in genetic susceptibility to TB.