Nutrition management of small bowel transplant patients.

Nutrition in clinical practice : official publication of the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

PubMedID: 16207691

Weseman RA, Gilroy R. Nutrition management of small bowel transplant patients. Nutr Clin Pract. 2005;20(5):509-16.
Nutrition therapy after small bowel or combined liver/small bowel transplantation is challenging. The objective is to restore enteral autonomy to a patient with a complex past surgical history and equally complex posttransplant immunosuppressive regimen in the context of a newly created surgical anatomy. Improved surgical techniques and immunosuppressive regimens have led to superior outcomes. Accompanying these advances is a range of nutrition issues that require specific management strategies. This review outlines the current clinical practice and decision making used to create individualized nutrition regimens for small bowel or combined liver/small bowel transplant recipients. Successful small bowel transplant outcomes require a coordinated effort from a transplant team to restore nutritional autonomy to transplant recipients and free them from parenteral nutrition.