[Tuberculoma complicating tuberculous meningitis: description of one paediatric case].

Minerva pediatrica

PubMedID: 16205620

Ruggeri C, Valenzise M, Alosi MM, Scibilia G, Wasniewska M. [Tuberculoma complicating tuberculous meningitis: description of one paediatric case]. Minerva Pediatr. 2005;57(5):329-32.
Intracranial tuberculoma is a possible complication of meningeal, miliary or pulmonary tuberculosis. In developing countries it represents 30% of space-occupying intracranial lesions, in industrialised countries only 0.1-0.2%. One recently recognised phenomenon is the development ex novo or the enlargement of the tuberculoma during antitubercular chemo-antibiotic therapy. Here we report the clinical case of an immunocompetent Italian baby girl who presented an intracranial tuberculoma during tuberculous meningitis. We underline how such an event is possible, the need for early neuroradiological evaluation and its favourable course, maintaining adequate antitubercular therapy associated with steroid therapy.