Neuropharmacokinetic characterization of lamotrigine after its acute administration to rats.

Methods and findings in experimental and clinical pharmacology

PubMedID: 16273133

Castel-Branco MM, Falcao AC, Figueiredo IV, Caramona MM, Lanao JM. Neuropharmacokinetic characterization of lamotrigine after its acute administration to rats. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2005;27(8):539-45.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the neuropharmacokinetics of lamotrigine following a single intraperitoneal dose. Adult male Wistar rats were given lamotrigine dose of 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg. Blood and brain samples were obtained at predetermined times over 120 h and analyzed by HPLC. The overall characteristics of plasma curves were determined by noncompartmental analysis with WINNONLIN. The kinetic characterization of lamotrigine distribution between plasma and brain was performed by indirect numerical deconvolution with MULTI(FILT). A linear disposition kinetics was observed within 5-20 mg/kg. The lamotrigine concentrations in brain homogenate were approx. twofold higher than in plasma. The following pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained for lamotrigine 5, 10, and 20 mg/kg, respectively: clearance of distribution from plasma to brain normalized with the volume of the brain, CL/V(h(-1)) = 4.64, 2.47, 2.40; brain-to-plasma partition coefficient, P = 0.40, 0.37, 0.34; first-order transfer rate constant from the brain to the plasma, K(h(-1)) = 11.68, 6.68, 5.96; single-pass mean transit time in the brain, MTT(h) = 0.086, 0.150, 0.168. These results indicate that lamotrigine plasma levels may be good indicators of lamotrigine levels in the brain and that higher response intensities could be expected with higher doses of lamotrigine, since efficacious concentrations are maintained for a longer period.