Temporal relationships of 21 physiological variables in horse and sheep.

Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part A, Molecular & integrative physiology

PubMedID: 16290083

Piccione G, Caola G, Refinetti R. Temporal relationships of 21 physiological variables in horse and sheep. Comp Biochem Physiol, Part A Mol Integr Physiol. 2005;142(4):389-96.
Daily or circadian oscillation has been documented in a variety of physiological and behavioral processes. Although individual variables have been studied in great detail, very few studies have been conducted on the temporal relationships between the rhythms of different variables. It is not known whether the circadian pacemaker generates each and every rhythm individually or whether most rhythms are simply derived from a few clock-controlled rhythms. As a first step in elucidating this issue, 21 physiological variables were recorded simultaneously in horse and sheep. The results indicated that, in both species, different variables exhibit different degrees of daily rhythmicity and reach their daily peaks at different times of the day. The variables exhibiting strongest rhythmicity were locomotor activity, rectal temperature, and plasma concentrations of melatonin and glucose. Comparison of rhythmicity and acrophase in the various rhythms allowed inferences to be made about mechanisms of causation.