[The role of the virus specific T-cell response in acute and chronic HBV and HCV infection].

Zeitschrift fur Gastroenterologie

PubMedID: 14997402

Panther E, Spangenberg HC, Neumann-Haefelin C, Rösler K, Blum HE, von Weizsäcker F, Thimme R. [The role of the virus specific T-cell response in acute and chronic HBV and HCV infection]. Z Gastroenterol. 2004;42(1):39-46.
Infections with hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are worldwide one of the most frequent causes for chronic liver disease, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The mechanisms responsible for the elimination or the persistence of the virus are not well understood. The immunopathogenesis of HBV and HCV infection is primarily mediated by virus specific CD4+- and CD8+-T-cells. During acute infection a strong and multispecific T-cell response against different viral epitopes can be detected and is associated with the clearance of the virus. In case of viral persistence virus specific T-cells contribute to liver inflammation. In this article we summarize the current concepts about the role of the virus specific T-cell response in acute and chronic HBV and HCV infection.