Prolonged intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in non-traumatic pediatric neurosurgical diseases.

Medical science monitor : international medical journal of experimental and clinical research

PubMedID: 15039654

Tamburrini G, Di Rocco C, Velardi F, Santini P. Prolonged intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in non-traumatic pediatric neurosurgical diseases. Med Sci Monit. 2004;10(4):MT53-63.
A limited number of studies have addressed the methods, indications and particular problems that may occur when programming prolonged intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring in pediatric patients. Parenchymal fiberoptic transducers have been shown to give reliable ICP readings; moreover, they present a relatively low rate of complications, are easily placed and, as they are solid state, they are not subject to obstruction.

A recently developed fiberoptic ICP transducer (Codman intraparenchymal sensor) was used to continuously monitor intracranial pressure in seventy children with non-traumatic neurosurgical diseases. The admitting diagnoses were hydrocephalus or shunt-related problems in 33 cases, single-suture (5 cases) or complex (16 cases) craniosynostosis in 21 patients, and sylvian scissure arachnoid cyst (SAC) in 16 cases. A software (ICP monitoring release) designed in our department was used for ICP recording storage and analysis.

Raised ICP values were found in six of the seventeen patients with a suspected active hydyrocephalus, 24% of children with non-syndromic craniosynostosis, 52.8% of syndromic craniosynostosis patients, 50% or the children with a Type 11 SAC and two of the three patients with Type II SAC.

Overall, prolonged ICP monitoring proved to be extremely useful in guiding surgical indications. The fiberoptic device used in our unit was shown to be reliable and associated with a relatively low rate of complications. Finally, the software allowed easy review and analysis of the obtained data.