Evidence of Cr(VI) formation during analysis of leather Proposal of an alternative method of analysis through the ion-chromatographic approach and post-column reaction.

Talanta

PubMedID: 18969521

Pastore P, Favaro G, Ballardin A, Danieletto D. Evidence of Cr(VI) formation during analysis of leather Proposal of an alternative method of analysis through the ion-chromatographic approach and post-column reaction. Talanta. 2004;63(4):941-7.
The formation of Cr(VI) in Cr(III) tanned leather, in neutral and alkaline solution, has been demonstrated by means of crossed experiments using different pH buffers, ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid as Cr(III) complexing agent and NaCl solutions. According to the found results the composition of the extracting solution suitable to extract Cr(VI) amount present in leather was pH 4.4 (which is also the tanned leather natural pH) and 5% NaCl (w/v). Interferences coming from coloured compounds have been eliminated with suitable SPE cartridges. A new protocol for the analysis of Cr(VI) based on ion chromatography and a diphenylcarbazide post-column reaction has been implemented. The use of a large volume injection loop (500mul) allowed to obtain a very low quantification limit (0.15mgkg(-1)) despite the low amount of leather extracted (0.2g with respect to 2.0g used by the IUC 18 official method). Evidence of the transient nature of Cr(VI) in leather requires using the external calibration procedure for the correct quantification of the species.