Photoemission study of YBa(2)Cu(3)O(y) thin films under light illumination.

Physical review letters

PubMedID: 15697853

Asakura D, Quilty JW, Takubo K, Hirata S, Mizokawa T, Muraoka Y, Hiroi Z. Photoemission study of YBa(2)Cu(3)O(y) thin films under light illumination. Phys Rev Lett. 2004;93(24):247006.
Heterojunctions of Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrate and YBa(2)Cu(3)O(y) thin films show photoconductivity and photovoltaic effects due to photocarrier injection. Photocarrier injection is expected to be a new carrier doping method in strongly correlated systems instead of chemical substitution. We have studied the nature of photocarrier injection in YBa(2)Cu(3)O(y)/SrTiO(3):Nb using x-ray photoemission spectroscopy with pulsed laser excitation. The core-level spectra shift to higher binding energy by 0.78 eV under pulsed laser illumination at 30 Hz. The energy shift corresponds to the photovoltage, which arises at the interface. In addition, we have observed that the energy shift strongly depends on the frequency of the laser. The lifetime of the injected photoholes has been estimated to be 40 ms by analyzing the frequency dependence.