Inactivation of Trypanosoma cruzi and Crithidia fasciculata topoisomerase I by Fenton systems.

Redox report : communications in free radical research

PubMedID: 14980068

Podestá D, Stoppani A, Villamil SF. Inactivation of Trypanosoma cruzi and Crithidia fasciculata topoisomerase I by Fenton systems. Redox Rep. 2004;8(6):357-63.
Fenton systems (H(2)O(2)/Fe(II) or H(2)O(2)/Cu(II)) inhibited Trypanosoma cruzi and Crithidia fasciculata topoisomerase I activity. About 61-71% inactivation was produced by 25 microM Fe(II) or Cu(II) with 3.0 mM H(2)O(2). Thiol compounds and free radical scavengers prevented Fenton system effects, depending on the topoisomerase assayed. With the T. cruzi enzyme, reduced glutathione (GSH), dithiothreitol (DTT), cysteine and N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) entirely prevented the effect of the H(2)O(2)/Fe(II) system; mannitol protected 37%, whereas histidine and ethanol were ineffective. With C. fasciculata topoisomerase, GSH, DTT and NAC protected 100%, cysteine, histidine and mannitol protected 28%, 34% and 48%, respectively, whereas ethanol was ineffective. With the H(2)O(2)/Cu(II) system and T. cruzi topoisomerase, DTT and histidine protected 100% and 60%, respectively, but the other assayed protectors were less effective. Similar results were obtained with the C. fasciculata enzyme. Topoisomerase inactivation by the H(2)O(2)/Fe(II) or H(2)O(2)/Cu(II) systems proved to be irreversible since it was not reversed by the more effective enzyme protectors. It is suggested that topoisomerases could act either as targets of 'reactive oxygen species' (ROS) generated by Fenton systems or bind the corresponding metal ions, whose redox cycling would generate reactive oxygen species in situ.