C-kit+ FcR+ myelocytes are increased in cancer and prevent the proliferation of fully cytolytic T cells in the presence of immune serum.

European journal of immunology

PubMedID: 12594828

Beck C, Schreiber K, Schreiber H, Rowley DA. C-kit+ FcR+ myelocytes are increased in cancer and prevent the proliferation of fully cytolytic T cells in the presence of immune serum. Eur J Immunol. 2003;33(1):19-28.
Immunogenic cancers induce both IgG antibodies and CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). Rejection of almost all immunogenic tumors depends ultimately on CTL. When tumors grow progressively, IgG continues to be produced but CTL may no longer be demonstrable. Using syngeneic mixed lymphocyte tumor cell cultures, we found that proliferation of fully activated proliferating CTL is prevented by a small subpopulation of immature myeloid c-kit(+) FcR(+) cells, for convenience referred to as "barrier cells". Both, FcR on barrier cells and IgG linked to TGF-beta (IgG-TGF-beta) present in immune serum, are obligatory for barrier cells to prevent proliferation of CTL, suggesting that IgG-TGF-beta binds FcR to activate suppression. Growing tumors increase barrier cells in the spleen. Interfering with the cells or molecules essential for barrier cells to prevent proliferation of CTL may enhance tumor and other CD8(+) CTL-mediated immunity.