Reproductive risk factors in unilateral and bilateral renal agenesis.

Congenital anomalies

PubMedID: 12692407

Bianca S, Ingegnosi C, Ettore G. Reproductive risk factors in unilateral and bilateral renal agenesis. Congenit Anom (Kyoto). 2003;43(1):79-80.
Renal agenesis (RA) appears to be a multifactorial condition with combined genetic and environmental influences. We performed a retrospective case-control study of reproductive history of 26 isolated RA live births cases referred to Sicilian Registry of Congenital Malformations. A statistical significant association for birth weight if we considered all RA together and for bilateral RA alone, an increasing risk for maternal age only in the bilateral RA subgroup and a male predominance both for unilateral and bilateral RA was found. Our results show that some reproductive risk factors may be associated with RA, moreover differences found between subgroups indicate that some risk factors may be different in unilateral and bilateral RA. The association between reproductive risk factors and RA may reflect pathogenetic interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Nevertheless further studies are needed to clarify these associations and to explore the role of perinatal factors in the etiology of renal agenesis. In fact if prenatal or perinatal risk factors are in a causal chain influencing the risk for developing RA, then these data could have important implications in the prevention or treatment of this condition.