Effects of pre-, peri-, and postmyocardial infarction treatment with omapatrilat in rats: survival, arrhythmias, ventricular function, and remodeling.

American journal of physiology. Heart and circulatory physiology

PubMedID: 12663265

Lapointe N, Nguyen QT, Desjardins JF, Marcotte F, Pourdjabbar A, Moe G, Calderone A, Rouleau JL. Effects of pre-, peri-, and postmyocardial infarction treatment with omapatrilat in rats: survival, arrhythmias, ventricular function, and remodeling. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2003;285(1):H398-405.
We showed previously that the vasopeptidase inhibitor (VPI) omapatrilat improves peri-myocardial infarction (MI) survival, but the mechanisms involved and whether these effects are sustained remained to be determined, and are the subject of this study. Rats (n = 272) received omapatrilat (20 mg x kg-1x day-1) starting 7 days before MI and continued peri- and post-MI, or no treatment (control). One group of rats had continuous ambulatory ECG and blood pressure recordings started 6 h before MI and continued until 24 h after MI, when survival was evaluated, and the rats were killed, and MI size was evaluated. A second group had left ventricular (LV) remodeling evaluated by echocardiography at 30 days and, at 38 days, had cardiac hemodynamics and morphology done and survival evaluated. Survival 24 h after MI (n = 255) improved with omapatrilat (60% vs. 46% for control; P = 0.0378). Over the next 37 days, there was no further improvement with omapatrilat but the early benefit was sustained. Omapatrilat reduced MI size 24 h after MI (36 +/- 2 vs. 42 +/- 2 mm2 for controls; P = 0.034). Omapatrilat reduced ventricular arrhythmia score 1-12 h after MI. Omapatrilat decreased blood pressure, but not during the first 24 h after MI. Omapatrilat reduced LV diastolic and systolic dimensions and LV and right ventricular weights compared with control large MI, indicating a decrease in reactive hypertrophy. Improvement in cardiac remodeling was accompanied by improved cardiac hemodynamics. Thus this study indicates that pre-, peri-, and post-MI treatment with the VPI omapatrilat is beneficial in survival, ventricular arrhythmias, LV remodeling, and cardiac function.