Hepatic resection under in situ hypothermic hepatic perfusion.

Hepato-gastroenterology

PubMedID: 12828080

Kaiho T, Tanaka T, Tsuchiya S, Yanagisawa S, Takeuchi O, Miura M, Saigusa N, Kitakata Y, Miyazaki M. Hepatic resection under in situ hypothermic hepatic perfusion. Hepatogastroenterology. 2003;50(51):761-5.
BACKGROUND/AIMS
Temporary inflow occlusion of the portal triad has been used frequently in hepatectomy to minimize bleeding. On the other hand, Pringle's maneuver produces ischemic-reperfusion injury especially in patients with underlying liver disease.

METHODOLOGY
Thirty-seven cases of hepatic resections were performed with intermittent Pringle's maneuver (IP group; n = 17) and in situ hypothermic perfusion (CP group; n = 20). In the CP group, hepatic inflow was continuously occluded, and 4-degree Centigrade Ringer's lactate was administered by drip during resection. Hepatic outflow occlusion was not performed.

RESULTS
All patients tolerated the procedures well. Cold perfusion technique significantly decreased both the times required and the blood loss in hepatectomy (p < 0.05). Serum hyaluronic acid levels gradually increased after the induction of hepatectomy and peaked 10 minutes after reperfusion in the both groups. Thereafter, it decreased and showed a significantly lower level in the CP group until 60 minutes after reperfusion (p < 0.05). Hepaplastin levels remained significantly higher in the CP group one week after operation (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS
Using the technique of in situ hypothermic perfusion, we can prolong the ischemic time safely with minimal systemic influence even in cases with underlying liver diseases. This may compare favorably with intermittent Pringle's maneuver in terms of reducing hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cell damage during hepatectomy and reperfusion.