Modeling global scene factors in attention.

Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, image science, and vision

PubMedID: 12868645

Torralba A. Modeling global scene factors in attention. J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis. 2003;20(7):1407-18.
Models of visual attention have focused predominantly on bottom-up approaches that ignored structured contextual and scene information. I propose a model of contextual cueing for attention guidance based onthe global scene configuration. It is shown that the statistics of low-level features across the whole image can be used to prime the presence or absence of objects in the scene and to predict their location, scale, and appearance before exploring the image. In this scheme, visual context information can become available early in the visual processing chain, which allows modulation of the saliency of image regions and provides an efficient shortcut for object detection and recognition.